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Prince Eugene of Savoy

Biography

1663 Prince Eugene Franz of Savoy-Carignan is born in Paris on 18 October, as the fifth of seven children to Eugene Moritz of Savoy-Carignan and Olympia Mancini.

1673 His father dies after a short illness under circumstances that were never fully clarified.

1678 Ordained with minor orders by the Papal Nuncio in Turin.

1683 After having been rejected from Louis XIV’s army he flees France and enters the service of Emperor Leopold I’s army. Successfully participates in the relief of Vienna in the Battle of Kahlenberg (12 September). Carlo Emmanuele d’Este, Marchese di Borgomanero invites Eugene to lodge at his home and introduces him to Leopold’s court.

1688 Named field marshal-lieutenant. Prince Eugene also becomes lay abbot of two abbeys in Savoy, which provides him with a good source of income but also the obligation to remain celibate.

1693 Named imperial field marshal.

1694/95 Buys the first buildings on Himmelpfortgasse. In addition to the intense building activities that now commence, Prince Eugene continues to build up major collections of paintings, books, engravings as well as plants and a zoo.

1697 Named commander-in-chief of the imperial army in Hungary (5 July). At the Battle of Zenta on 11 September, Prince Eugene has his first success as a commander. His fame as field marshal is subsequently consolidated by a number of further successful military operations. Buys a large plot of land on Rennweg, which is gradually expanded as he acquires more property.

1701 The Battle of Carpi on 9 July marks the first larger military operation in the War of the Spanish Succession. On 1 September, the Battle of Chiari follows.

1702 Battle of Cremona (1 February) as well as the Battle of Luzzara (15 August). Begins building the palace in Ráckeve on the Csepel Island (Danube) near Budapest.

1703 Named president of the Imperial War Council.

1704 Battle of Höchstädt (13 August) resulting in a coalition with the English and subsequently a friendship between their commander, the Duke of Marlborough, and Prince Eugene. Terracing works carried out on the Belvedere’s land.

1705 Battle of Cassano (16 August), a French victory following a bloody battle. 

1706 Relief of Turin (7 September)

1708 Battle of Oudenaarde (11 July) as well as the siege of Lille (10 August to 22 October, citadel falls on 10 December). Construction begins to extend the palace on Himmelpfortgasse by five bays to the east (Gallery Wing).

1709 Siege of Tournai (4–28 July, citadel falls on 3 September) and Battle of Malplaquet (11 September).

1712 Construction of the Lower Belvedere begins.

1714 With the signing of the Treaty of Rastatt (6 March) the War of the Spanish Succession ends.

1716 Named governor of the Austrian Netherlands (until 1724). Battle of Peterwardein (5 August) during the Ottoman-Venetian War.

1717 Battle of Belgrade with a surprise attack launched by Prince Eugene in the night of 16 August. Completion of the Lower Belvedere and construction of the Upper Belvedere begins.

1718 Signing the Treaty of Passarowitz (21 July) not only terminates the Austro-Ottoman War but also puts an end to the enormous threat of the Ottoman Empire to Austrian security.

1724 Prince Eugene is appointed vicar-general of Austrian dominions in Italy.

1723 Completion of the Upper Belvedere, extension of the palace on Himmelpfortgasse by five bays to the west (Library Wing).

1725 Prince Eugene acquires Schloss Hof palace and expands it to create his tusculum rurale.

1731 From this year on, the ten volumes of Belvedere engravings based on drawings by Salomon Kleiner appear. As a supplementary volume the so-called Menagerie work is published to document the animals as well as plants in the Belvedere garden.

1734 The 70-year-old field marshal is appointed commander of the Rhine army in the War of Polish Secession at the insistence of Emperor Charles VI.

1736 Prince Eugene dies at his palace on Himmelpfortgasse in the night of 21 April. The magnificent funeral ceremony takes place at St. Stephen’s Cathedral on 9 July. The Savoy Crypt in the cathedral is Eugene’s final resting place.